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On a hill located in the northwestern part of Argentina are various cave paintings. The place was considered sacred before the conquest of the Incas in the 15th century and has been identified by the Mexican researcher Luis Alberto Martos López, belonging to the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH).
The study on this space is part of a larger project that is intended for the excavation and restoration of the Inca site known as Potrero de Payogasta, in the Calchaquí Valley. The initiative has received the support of the Cultural Heritage of the province of Salta in addition to funding from the National Geographic Society.
During a trip, Luis Alberto went to a small hill 160 and 200 meters in diameter and 100 meters high that contained a large number of petroglyphs. In total 88 outcrops were found, 70 were discovered on the hill and the rest on the slopes, of which more than 60 are clustered.
The Cerro Kawsay (Cerro de la vida, in Quechua language) has been a sacred place between 900 and 1000 AD. Although there is a possibility that it had been before, from 500 AD, and that it was used by hunters and gatherers. In it, rituals related to fertility, wealth, prosperity and life have been carried out.
The most surprising of these representations, is that 267 are zoomorphic and almost all correspond to llamas, an animal that is linked to the origin myths of the Incas and other previous civilizations. The importance of its meat as food, its wool and its use as a pack animal did not go unnoticed when the Spanish arrived in the 16th century.
The flame in turn results from great importance for the Andean peoples since they represent the sons of Manco Capac and Mama Ocllo (the mythical founders of the empire). Legend has it that his children fell in love and in order to escape their father's wrath, the god Viracocha turned them into animals. However, Manco Capac finally captured and sacrificed them, since then their souls roam the Milky Way in the hope of being able to meet again and start a new life of hope and harmony.
I was born in Madrid on August 27, 1988 and since then I started a work of which there is no example. Fascinated by both numbers and letters and a lover of the unknown, that is why I am a future graduate in Economics and Journalism, interested in understanding life and the forces that have shaped it. Everything is easier, more useful and more exciting if, with a look at our past, we can improve our future and for that… History.